Frank, Roberta. Anglo-Scandinavian poetic relations

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  • Author: Frank, Roberta
  • Title: Anglo-Scandinavian poetic relations
  • Published in: American Notes and Queries 3
  • Year: 1990
  • Pages: 74-78
  • E-text:
  • Reference: Frank, Roberta. "Anglo-Scandinavian poetic relations." American Notes and Queries 3 (1990): 74-79.

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The author reviews the findings of the last twenty-five years regarding the distinctive poetic relations between Anglo-Saxon England and Scandinavia. It seems, according to her, that the first skald whose verses survive probably had British relatives. Moreover, scholars agree that a sequence of metaphors in the Old English Exodus may be based on Old Norse shield-kennings. During the Viking Age, Old English poets seemed to have used skaldic verses. Finally, the instability of legendary lore caused Nordic legendary heroes to be re-invented in Old English poems. The field has long been subjected to misconceptions originating in a Germanic bias, which hindered the identification of Nordic influence, but the recent changes in subject matter and style preferences have proven extremely revealing.


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See also



  • Written by: Lan Wang/Ermenegilda Müller
  • Icelandic/English translation:
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